Types Of Specific Learning Disability Essay

1017 Words Oct 22nd, 2015 null Page
Disproportionality continues to exist in many of the categories specified under IDEIA (2004), particularly in the categories of Specific Learning Disability (SLD), Emotional Disturbance (ED), and Intellectual Disability (ID) (Gamm, 2007). Disproportionality is defined as the “overrepresentation” and “under-representation” of a particular population or demographic group in special or gifted education programs relative to the presence of this group in the overall student population (National Association for Bilingual Education, 2002). Various factors are responsible for this disproportionality but the primary factors, as evident from researches are; (1) gender difference, (2) overrepresentation of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse CLD population, (3) ineffective teaching strategies, (4) poor classroom management skills, and (5) assessment policies and practices. Gender difference is one of the primary factors responsible for disproportionality in many categories specified under IDEIA. Researches show that higher numbers of male students are identified with special needs than female students. Across all ethnic and racial groups, twice as many males as females are identified as needing special education services in primary schools, especially in certain categories (Holt, McGrath, & Herring, 2007). These categories are SLD, ED, and ID. According to these facts from the U.S. Department of Education (2006)
• Nearly 75 percent of students with specific learning disabilities…

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