Types Of Multiple Sclerosis ( Ms ) Essay

1090 Words Nov 9th, 2016 5 Pages
Jamie-Lynn Sigler. Jack Osbourne. Montell Williams. What do these three celebrities – and many Americans – have in common? They are all living with Multiple Sclerosis (MS), which is “an adult onset neurological condition in which scattered lesions in the central nervous system [CNS] produce varying combinations of motor, sensory and cognitive impairments” (Yorkston, Baylor, & Amtmann, p. 197). The symptoms depend in part on where the plaques in the CNS are located and can include optic neuritis, numbness or a “pins and needles” feeling in the limbs, ataxia (the loss of control of one’s bodily movements), bladder dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. It is important to note that while “usually considered as an adult disease, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) also affects children and adolescents with an estimated frequency of 0.5 to 1.0 per 100,000” (Charvet, Cleary, Vazquez, K, Belman, & Krupp, 2014, p. 1478).
There are four different types of Multiple Sclerosis. First, Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS), the most common form, involves periods of neurologic dysfunction lasting from days to weeks along with periods of improvement – although, not always a complete improvement – lasting from weeks to months. After a while, RRMS patients then move into the Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) phase; this is where the decline in function becomes steady as opposed to irregular attacks. The third type of MS, Primary Progressive MS (PPMS), is a diagnosis given to those who experience a steady…

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