Essay On Anesthesia

749 Words 3 Pages
The human body tends to malfunction and requires some sort of medical intervention, treatment or surgery to fix the injury or illness. During these medical processes and procedures, the patient generally feels a tremendous amount of pain. Doctors combat this pain using various types of drugs referred to as Anesthetics. Developed in the 1800s anesthesia helps patients endure pain and provides relief during surgery. Without anesthesia, people would not be able to endure the pain and some would die from shock. More than 40 million people receive anesthesia each year in North America alone (Baker). Anesthesia makes surgical operations much easier and safer for both the doctor and the patient.
There are many branches of anesthesia for different procedures such as Neuro, Dental, Cardiac, Pediatric (Key clinical types of anesthesia). The three main types of anesthesia are general, local, and inhaled anesthetics. Local anesthesia would be used in a dental procedure to remove a tooth. The anesthetic is injected directly around the area into the nerves that the dentist would be operating on. The patient would remain conscious but would not feel pain in their mouth. An example
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The anesthesia that is used on adolescents is not as strong as that used on an adult. Although anesthesia is a major benefit when undergoing medical procedures, it also comes with many possible side effects. The most common side effects are headaches, nausea, vomiting, sore throat, blood pressure changes, and pain. These are usually mild, and easily treated with medication (Anesthesiology FAQ’s). The drug Gabapentin has been used to control post-operative pain for patients whose surgery was performed under general anesthesia. Post-operative nausea and vomiting, even with the use of newer medicines, still remains a major problem. Gabapentin was found ineffective in relieving post-operative nausea and vomiting

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