Two Major Characteristics Of Hypertension And High Blood Pressure

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Register to read the introduction… Hypertension results from two major factors independent or combined which is the heart pumping blood with excessive force and/or the body's smaller blood vessels (known as the arterioles) narrow, so that blood flow exerts more pressure against the vessels' walls. When defining Hypertension, it is essential to know how blood pressure is measured and the numeric values used to classify and determine this disease. First, there is a systolic reading of a blood pressure, which is the top or first number and is when the heart is contracting to pump the blood around the body. Then, there is the diastolic reading of a blood pressure, which is the second or bottom number and is when the heart is at rest or in between beats. When the blood pressure is normal and healthy, the systolic measure will read 120 or below and the diastolic measure will read 80 or below. When the blood pressure is in the pre-hypertensive phase, the systolic measure will read 120-139 and the diastolic measure will read 81-90. Lastly, when the blood pressure is in the hypertensive stage, the systolic measure will read 140 or higher and the diastolic measure will read 91 or …show more content…
Once the doctor has measured a high blood pressure they will check the blood pressure two more times before diagnosing the patient with hypertension. To rule out any secondary causes, the physician will perform a blood test, urine test, or eye exam.
Hypertension has no exact symptoms and is often called the silent killer because of this. However, when an individual is experiencing extremely high blood pressure they may feel dizziness, headaches, or alterations of vision.
There are two methods in treating Hypertension. Once way is through non-drug therapy and this method mostly includes lifestyle changes such as reduction if alcohol intake, smoking, and stress, losing weight, exercise, and healthy diet. The second method is through drug therapy and includes medications such as diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium-channel blockers.
Prevention of this disease simply includes lifestyle changes. These changes consist of regular aerobic exercise, limiting your intake of salt and alcoholic beverages, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats, avoid smoking, maintaining a desirable body weight, and most importantly, having your blood pressure check periodically.

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