Two Major Characteristics Of Hypertension And High Blood Pressure
Once the doctor has measured a high blood pressure they will check the blood pressure two more times before diagnosing the patient with hypertension. To rule out any secondary causes, the physician will perform a blood test, urine test, or eye exam.
Hypertension has no exact symptoms and is often called the silent killer because of this. However, when an individual is experiencing extremely high blood pressure they may feel dizziness, headaches, or alterations of vision.
There are two methods in treating Hypertension. Once way is through non-drug therapy and this method mostly includes lifestyle changes such as reduction if alcohol intake, smoking, and stress, losing weight, exercise, and healthy diet. The second method is through drug therapy and includes medications such as diuretics, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium-channel blockers.
Prevention of this disease simply includes lifestyle changes. These changes consist of regular aerobic exercise, limiting your intake of salt and alcoholic beverages, eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats, avoid smoking, maintaining a desirable body weight, and most importantly, having your blood pressure check periodically.