Why Do Journalists Use Twitter?

1997 Words 8 Pages
I. Introduction
The advancements of new media have contributed to the explosive use of social media by journalist (Hermida 2011; Messner, Linke, and Eford 2011; Newman 2009). Gulyas (2013) demonstrated that the vast majority (96%) of the journalists responded to his research among 4 countries (Finland, German, Sweden and the UK) used social media for their work. Besides, the 1440-minute news-cycle created by social media significantly impacts journalistic practices in terms of newsgathering and reporting (Bruno, 2011). On one hand, it allows journalists to work more effectively. On the other hand, it requires journalists to gain more skills to conform to a multimedia context, which increases the pressure and hardness of the work. Journalists’
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Hermida (2013) acknowledged that Twitter “operates beyond the framework of a news organisation’s publication structures”, which facilitates and rewards individual expression. Journalist of the news institutions act as an independent person to post special content and brand themselves, publishing more messages and promoting the wide dissemination of original postings through their followers. Using Twitter as a neutral platform, journalists do not need to tweet under the same level of oversight of traditional news organisations nor take care of the necessity of staying on-topic journalistically (Lasorsa et al., 2012). They are free to produce diversities of tweets to released details that related to the proposed news stories. Besides, the public can utilise social media to take a glimpse into the process of news productions. Coddington (2013) argued that the interviews and source relationships are demystified for the public. Through the official accounts of journalists, the specific landscapes of news making can be demonstrated by sharing the way of choosing stories, selecting sources and verifying facts (Hermida, 2013). As a result, the different approaches for journalists to deal with materials they gained on social media compared to their professional practices suggest that more information is able to be uploaded into the new platforms. Especially, the inverted sourcing practices from the elite to the public suggest a more visible negotiation between sources and journalists (Hermida, 2013). Hence, audience can be aware of the information that used to behind the scenes, providing more knowledge about the extra process of journalistic

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