Tuberculosis : Causes And Effects Essay

748 Words Oct 19th, 2016 3 Pages
How ironic do you think it would be to simply be out and about with your friends and/or family and very casually walk past someone as they coughed or sneezed? Normally you probably wouldn’t pay them any mind but today and everyday after your going to STOP and wonder, could this person potentially be a carrier of tuberculosis and is there a possibility that my loved ones and I may have contracted it? It is most definatly a possibility. Contracting tuberculosis is simply that easy. Tuberculosis is an airborne contracted disease and in the 18th and 19th centuries, the infectious disease ran rampant throughout Europe and North America. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacillus mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as mycobacterium bovis and mycobacterium africanum. Tuberculosis can and will effect any and all tissues of the body but is most commonly found in the lungs (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, Page 1). In the year 1882, As the disease became an epidemic, a German microbiologist by the name of Robert Koch found the organism at cause and later in 1890 developed the tuberculin test for diagnosis of the disease (Frank & Wagnalls New World Enclyclopedia, Page 1). It was not until 1924 that a vaccine became available known as Bacillus Calmette-Guerin or simply the BCG vaccine for individuals exposed to tuberculosis. Still to this day, there has been much concern about the effectiveness of the BCG vaccine, and this particular vaccine has not been widely used in the…

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