Tuberculosis : A Bacteria That Causes The Disease Tuberculosis

764 Words Nov 5th, 2015 4 Pages
Mycobacterium (genus) Tuberculosis (species) is a bacteria that causes the disease tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an acute or chronic disease of the lower respiratory tract. It is contagious and easily spread through the air from person to person therefore requiring airborne precautions. If someone with TB coughs, sneezes, or talks, the bacteria will spread throughout the air and inhaled by other people.
People may have either a latent TB infection or TB disease. Latent TB is when the bacteria is in the body, but is not active therefore the carrier is not showing any signs or symptoms of the disease. At this point, the TB is not contagious and the person may not even be aware of their condition. However as the bacteria becomes active in the body, and the immune system can no longer fight off the bacteria, they multiply and attack the lungs, becoming Tuberculosis disease. This is when the person starts feeling sick and experiencing the symptoms. They are also at risk for spreading the infection at this point. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Symptoms, 2015)
Some signs and symptoms include a bad cough, chest pain, hemoptysis (bloody sputum), fatigue, chills, fever, weight loss and more. People at higher risk of becoming sick when infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis are people with HIV/AIDS, children, elderly, tobacco users, health care workers or people who are already sick with something that impacts the immune system. (CDC, Symptoms, 2015)
Tuberculosis is…

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