Essay on Truth And Deception At The Greeks

1032 Words Apr 26th, 2016 null Page
Truth and deception went hand in hand for the Greeks. The relationship often, but not always, involved deception used to conceal a powerful truth in both gods and humans. Truth, in itself, was power. The gods and humans told lies that showcased their craftiness while the truth demonstrated something else entirely. Meanwhile, gods and humans could also deceive in attempts to gain power while hiding their own powerful truths. Thus, deception was a necessary evil and part of the culture of the Greeks. The role of deception in the lives of the gods and humans was, in essence, the art of maintaining and protecting truth and gaining power.
When the truth is given to others, it gives them power; thus, the speaker must lie so as to protect parts of the powerful truth and maintain some of his or her own power. The Muses maintain some truth and power through lies, for instance. The maintenance is most prevalent when the Muses speak with Hesiod and give him the Theogony, saying, “…we know how to say many lies as if they were true, and when we want, we know how to speak the truth” (26-30). After this statement, the Muses give him a laurel to symbolize his authority and power. The Muses give Hesiod power with the truth they tell him, but because they also lie to him, they ensure that Hesiod will never be as powerful as them and makes sure he knows he is not as powerful as well. To other Greeks he is a powerful human but unlike the Muses, is not god.
Also, Hesiod does not know what parts…

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