Truman And The Cold War Essay

1851 Words Mar 28th, 2015 8 Pages
Truman and the Cold War Response Sheet

Part 1: The Truman Doctrine
Use Site 1 to answer the following questions.
Read paragraph 2 of Truman's speech.
1. Conflicts in what two nations led Truman to make his speech? I do not believe that the American people and the Congress wish to turn a deaf ear to the appeal of the Greek Government. Greece is not a rich country. Lack of sufficient natural resources has always forced the Greek people to work hard to make both ends meet. Since 1940, this industrious, peace loving country has suffered invasion, four years of cruel enemy occupation, and bitter internal strife.
Read paragraphs 10-16.
2. What type of revolutionary group was leading the challenge to democracy in Greece?
Without help,
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Unable to slow the enemy advance below Suwon, the Americans and South Koreans fought desperate delaying operations, buying time with blood as more American units were rushed to Korea. By the end of July, the North Koreans had pushed the U.N. forces to the southeast corner of the peninsula, where they dug in around the port of Pusan. On July 27, a "grim-faced and business-like" MacArthur visited Eighth Army commander Walton Walker. A witness said that MacArthur told Walker, "There will be no Dunkirk in this command. To retire to Pusan will be unacceptable." Gen. Walker gave the "stand or die" order, and over the next six weeks a desperate, bloody struggle ensued as the North Koreans threw everything they had at American and ROK (South Korean) forces in an effort to gain complete control over Korea.

4. How did the United Nations respond to this attack? What role did the Soviet Union play in the United Nations decision?

The United Nations had just passed a resolution recommending that "the members of the United Nations furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security to the area."
Beginning January 15, Ridgway led the U.N. in a slow advance northward, in what his troops began to call the "meat grinder." Inflicting heavy casualties on the Chinese and North Koreans, the U.N. re-recaptured Seoul (the fourth and final time it

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