Essay on Travail Et Technique

1898 Words Mar 19th, 2015 8 Pages
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Essay Sample
Introduction La technique a toujours inspiré à l’homme des contradictions. Dès la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle, le discours associant le développement technique à l’aliénation de l’homme ne cessera de s’affirmer. Néanmoins, ce développement des techniques renvoie au progrès des sciences, à la mécanisation de l’industrie, avec l’apparition de machines venues se substituer à l’homme. La technique, constituée par un ensemble de procédés bien définis et transmissibles destinés à produire des

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Prométhée, dépossédé des attributs de la force, offrira aux hommes la maîtrise du feu volé à l’Olympe, le dotant ainsi de qualités divines, ce qui lui confère ainsi une place exceptionnelle dans la nature. Il lui donne la connaissance qui lui permet d’accéder aux techniques et, par là même, de travailler, s’affranchissant de sa condition animale. L’homme, bien que bien fait et bien proportionné, fait l’exception dans le règne animal, dépourvu qu’il est de toute forme de défense et ce n’est que par le développement des techniques qu’il parvient à échapper à sa condition naturelle et à se placer au-dessus des animaux

Ainsi donc, Platon établit déjà le lien entre la technique et le travail: sans la technique il n’y aurait pas de travail. Et sans travail, il n’y a pas d’indépendance de l’individu au regard du monde auquel il appartient. Pour parvenir à atteindre cette indépendance, l’être humain doit donc s’attacher à une transformation de la nature afin l’adapter à ses besoins, mais avec comme objectif la conservation de l’espèce.

L’homme a donc recours à la technique et au travail, certes pour survivre, mais cela reflète aussi particulièrement les caractéristiques uniques qui lui sont propres et qui le différencient de l’animal.

B. La technique développe et humanise le travail

Grâce à la technique, le travail est devenue l’activité humaine par excellence. « L’homo laborans »,
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