Trauma And Borderline Personality Disorders

1510 Words 7 Pages
There are many different mental disorders that affect people throughout the world. One of the leading causes for the development of mental illnesses is trauma. Trauma plays a significant role in the development of borderline personality disorder. McLean and Gallop (2003) express that the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder was quite higher in patients that suffered from trauma in their childhood, than the patients that experienced trauma in their adult life. This portrays that trauma can cause a harmful effect on an individual’s mental health. Borderline personality disorder is an illness that causes individuals to behave impulsively, experience mood swings, and makes it difficult for them to form stable relationships. It tends to …show more content…
The questionnaires were designed to indicate the different types of abuse the patients had experienced in their past. They also determined the degree of trauma they had undergone. For example, in one study Gollier and Yehuda the subjects were required to give a detailed account of the type of trauma they had suffered from. They were told to provide information about the event, how many times it occurred, their ages when it occurred, and its emotional impact on their health. This was done through the Trauma History Questionnaire. Elices, Pascual, Carmona, and Martin-Blanco (2015) gave their patients a similar test, but they had the individuals differentiate between different types of abuse. This questionnaire required the participants to declare if they had suffered from physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, physical neglect, and or emotional neglect. Physical abuse is physical force or violence that causes bodily injury or pain. Sexual abuse is unwanted sexual activity, in which perpetrators use force, make threats or take advantage of victims not able to give consent. Emotional abuse is abuse characterized by a person subjecting another person to behavior that may cause psychological trauma. The patients rated the intensity of the abuse they experienced on a 5-point scale. They were required to indicate whether the abuse was …show more content…
The patients from various studies experienced trauma at one point in their life, which contributed to their deteriorating mental health. The results of the Dijke, Ford, Hart, Son, Heijden, Buhring (2011) study further demonstrates the correlation between this disorder and traumatic experiences. Sixty-three percent of the patients reported at least one encounter of traumatization by their primary caretaker. However, this study concludes that the relationship between trauma and borderline personality disorders is not strong because of other factors that could result in disorders. To elaborate, Dijke et al. conclude that trauma may play a significant role in the development of borderline personality disorder, but there may be other factors that are related to the development of this illness. Abnormal brain activity, genetic predisposition, and other cognitive experiences may directly affect the individual and allow them to suffer from this illness as well. These researchers suggest that we cannot be certain that trauma is the direct cause of borderline personality disorder because we must consider other reasons for the illness to develop in addition to traumatic

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