Transportation Issues in Sao Paulo Essay

2122 Words Aug 8th, 2015 9 Pages
Air Force Institute of Technology

São Paulo`s Transportation Issues

By
Capt. Leandro Valviesse de Oliveira
Due date: 12 March, 2015

Contents
Traffic Congestion - Problems Faced by Brazil's Largest City 3
Causes and Consequences 4
Likely Solutions 8
Bibliography References 12

Traffic Congestion - Problems Faced by Brazil's Largest City

São Paulo is a Brazilian state which has 645 municipalities and more than 40 million habitants. São Paulo city is the capital of São Paulo state and the largest city in South America. According to IBGE, Brazil’s main government research institute, in its last census the population in the city of São Paulo is about 11 million inhabitants, with more than 20 million people living in the
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‘Paulistanos’, how are called people who live in São Paulo city, do all these things because they have no choice. Morning, noon and night, Saturday morning, Sunday evening, weekday and weekend the panorama is the same: the residents of Brazil's biggest city are stuck behind the wheel.
As an ordinary bottleneck, congestion can be reduced by either increasing road capacity, or by reducing traffic. Ahead in this paper, we will see different approaches to work these options around.
There is even a radio station up 24 hours a day, seven days a week dedicated entirely to update drivers on the current roads and routes conditions and advising on which routes they should use to speed their journeys.

Causes
Millions of ‘Paulistanos’ spend large parts of their days staring at the rear of the vehicle in front of them. In the city’s downtown, the huge volume of congestion is often made even worse, triggered by daily activities such as delivery trucks and parents taking their kids to the school, or by minor events (called "butterfly effects"), such as an abrupt steering maneuver by a single motorist.
According to a team of mathematicians from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, there is a model that describes the formation of "phantom jams," in which small variations in a heavy traffic such as a driver hitting the brake out of sudden can build up spontaneous and self-sustainable…

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