Essay on Transnational Crime

1904 Words Jun 23rd, 2013 8 Pages
Transnational Crime
Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Introduction:

Transnational crime is a growing problem. Transnational crime is defined as “self-perpetuating associations of individuals who operate transnational for the purpose of obtaining power, influence, monetary and/or commercial gains, wholly or in part by illegal means, while protecting their activities through a pattern of corruption and/ or violence, or while protecting their illegal activities through a transnational structure and the exploitation of transnational commerce or communication mechanisms.” (National Security Council, n.d.) . Transnational crimes are known under other names such as cross-national crime, global crime, international crime, and
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Maritime piracy does not just end with the shooting of the ship. In some cases, the ship will be hijacked and stripped for parts and cargo. The crew or passengers on the ship may be held for hostages for ransom demands.
Another type of transnational crime on the rise is that of trade in human body parts. As stated in the textbook, this is a simple case of supply and demand. Organs are in high demand at the moment due to many being wait-listed for organs. Annually, there are 112,000 people who are in need of an organ transplant; however, only 22,000 surgeries are performed every year. Many grow desperate and choose to find their own method of receiving the organs that they need in order to survive, hence the black market. Many of those working in the black market for human body parts are in it solely for profit. There have been cases of victims being drugged and awake to find they are missing a kidney or another vital organ. The shortage of organs is unfortunate, but it gives no one the right to trick another human being into giving up theirs.
A huge global problem at the moment is human trafficking. Human trafficking is defined by the United Nations as “the acquisition of people by improper means such as force, fraud, or deception, with the aim of exploiting them.” Many who are forced into human trafficking are victims forced to prostitute themselves, deal drugs, or do anything their traffickers see fit. Trafficking is a multibillion-dollar business. Many

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