Transit-Oriented Development

841 Words 4 Pages
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) encourages mixed-use neighborhoods that reduce the need to travel long distances for facilities. Residential areas are mixed with retail, grocery, restaurant and office spaces. High density high rise buildings are placed .4 km, lower density town houses and single family homes are placed .8 km from transit stations. Residential and commercial buildings are placed in separate zoning restrictions are placed within .4 km away from stations (Nahlik & Chester, 2014) .
TOD is a planning model that is becoming more predominant in many cities. Despite this, there are few studies done to determine the impact of social equity based on transportation and land use changes. The current predominate perspective on transportation
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Gentrification occurs when wealthier people move into an area increasing rent and property value. When a hazardous site such as a factory or dump is built, residents in a higher socioeconomic class move out while the lower socioeconomic classes move in. This could lead to gentrification if higher-class residences move back in when the pollution is cleaned up. This means that the benefits are given primarily to the upper class while the lower class residents take the cost. New types of economic development can be a catalyst for gentrification in urban areas (Cleaning up without clearing out%3F A spatial assessment of environmental gentrification2011) …show more content…
Portland residents that live below the poverty line is 17% with 22% of children living below poverty lines. The poverty in Portland is also racialized. Blacks and Latinos make half to a third of what White households make. The socioeconomic disparities are not only apparent among racial lines but can be seen spatially as well. Especially within the last two decades, 82nd Avenue has become a symbol of the divide between the globally hailed sustainable city with the underdeveloped less desirable land. West of the city is more affluent and White while the east of the city is more racially diverse and poor. Residents of East Portland are less likely to influence or benefit from the municipal sustainability initiatives that make Portland famous (CLF, 2013; Curry-Stevens et al., 2010; Griffin-valade et al., 2010). Goodling, Green, & McClintock explores some of the theories of the uneven development and sustainable benefits of the city of Portland. One theory being that well education, affluent, and more environmental conscious residents are more likely to be attracted to “sustainable” cities therefore businesses will cater to their specific tastes. This is known as the “urban sustainability fix”. As this continues, more and more lower income residents who also happen to be people of color are displaced to the more disinvested

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