Transistor Essay

Superior Essays
One of the most perplexing and frustrating biological enigmas which scientists have been trying to solve for years is how animals from European robins to fruit flies to beluga whales can navigate their way across earth in the proper direction with each change of season. Decades have passed with no concrete evidence of any biological compass evidence found within any of these incredible travelers; theories have only been postulated. Recently, however, some researchers claim they’ve uncovered a light sensitive protein that may contain certain electrons that interact in such a way that allows animals to find their way to their destination. Photons enter through the eye and deliver enough energy to hit the protein, called cryptochrome, and separates …show more content…
Transistors control a large current flowing through a semiconductor with the use of a small current. The creation of transistors was made possible by the Pauli exclusion principle, which states that each electron has a unique set of quantum numbers, and only two electrons can occupy the same orbital. Knowledge of the exclusion principle allowed developers like Shockley, Van Vleck, and Bardeen to create the transistor with semiconductors, which also rely heavily on quantum mechanics (they only allow a certain number of electrons through until a change occurs in the junctions of its positive and negative layers). , Originally developed for the amplification of radio signals, transistors can be found in thousands of different items today. Likely the most beneficial way to utilize transistors is in computers. Due to the nature of semiconductors, when voltage is applied to a transistor, a gate can be opened or closed; thus the electrons can flow freely through or be stopped from doing so. This high or low flow of electrons can be coded as a 0 or 1, and is the basis of the binary code that runs nearly all electronics today. Those scientists who studied quantum mechanics not only changed the world of physics, but they unknowingly created something that has shaped the world and the future. Computers are vital for today’s society, for everything from communication to research to making predictions to design. Binary …show more content…
An understanding of the study and fissionable systems ultimately led to a discovery that there is a tiny, yet exsistent probability that a fissionable system at its lowest excitation state can be broken into two fission fragments. This can be harnessed into chain reactions, which was accomplished by American scientists in 1945. Fission bombs, as they were called, are known today as atomic bombs. During World War II, America dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese, killing more than 200,000 people. While it ultimately ended with the conclusion of the war, quantum mechanics contributed to one of the biggest mass killings in world

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The development of Boolean algebra accelerated computer science. It allowed one to design a circuit with binary, or 1’s and 0’s (Computer Science). Computer scientists were then capable to instruct computers (Computer Science). The driving force behind computer science was the demand for computers…

    • 1799 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Niels Bohr studied under Ernest Rutherford. Niels Bohr used a combination of Rutherford’s description of the nucleus and the current theory of quanta to help create his model4. With the information at hand, Niels Bohr created his model. First, Bohr stated that electrons traveled in different orbits around the small positively charged nucleus. This is not the most compelling part of the model.…

    • 1500 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Throughout the course of the Manhattan Project, three bombs were dropped. This was the first time in history that a country has dropped an atomic bomb over another country. Many people think, why would the United States do this? According to ushistory.org, the United States was planning on doing an invasion of Japan at the end of the war. This invasion was called "Operation Downfall", which used conventional bombing such as fire bombing.…

    • 1460 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Another reason I chose computer science is because computers are shaping the direction our world takes and I want to play a part in that. The idea of writing a program that helps a physicist decode the secrets of the universe or a doctor discover a cure for a serious disease holds great appeal for me. Computer science is a continually growing field and with computers becoming involved in almost every aspect of our lives it should remain so for the foreseeable future. Thanks to computer chips imbedded in everything from basketballs and shoes to computer-controlled thermostats more and more computerized data is being produced daily and to manage the acquisition, storage and use of this data will require computer scientists [1]. While sending jobs overseas will slow some aspects of computer science-related job growth overall computer science jobs are expected to continue growth through 2020 [3], [4], [5].…

    • 725 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The first atomic model was introduced by an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist named John Dalton. John Dalton had reintroduced the idea of the atom that had once been a theory of a Greek scientist named Democritus. However, unlike Democritus, Dalton was able to prove the existence of atoms. Through many experiments, Dalton came up with a list of properties, that he thought, all atoms shared. Each element is composed of atoms Atoms are tiny, featureless spheres All atoms of same element are identical in mass Compounds form when atoms of multiple elements combine A given compound always has some relative number and kinds of atoms The total mass after a reaction is the same as the total mass before the reaction.…

    • 1041 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Small: The Atomic Theory

    • 2086 Words
    • 9 Pages

    However, this made him curious and together with Rudolf Peierls discovered the power of gaseous uranium-235. After even further research, Chadwick and associates determined that less than 1kg of uranium-235 could have as much affect as 1 ton of dynamite. The report that compiled all this information was presented to Franklin Roosevelt and pushed the US to pour millions into the Manhattan Project. Chadwick was quoted saying, “I wish I could tell you the bomb is not going to work, but I am 90 percent sure that it will.” reflecting his moral opinion of the atomic…

    • 2086 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Of course, computers are envisioned tools that are constantly evolving in nature and may soon be of more abundance for others to access more quickly, but in the meantime they are a great source for education. It is possible to take online courses and receive a degree that will allow easier admittance to the occupations of the world. Not to mention the thoughtful aspects of computers that help people with disabilities in different ways. A famous example of this is Stephen Hawking. He uses a computer-based communication to do anything from browsing the internet, writing books, to giving lectures through a speech synthesizer.…

    • 769 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    To understand more about this concept, they had to comprehend the compositions of these particles. Although the scientist and philosophers could not examine individual atoms, they still were able to produce estimations about their structure. For centuries, they have created many different models of the atom in order to answer some of the universe’s questions. Their discoveries…

    • 1543 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The quantum theory is a theory in physics based on the principle that both matter and energy behave as both particles and waves, and that matter and energy are composed of tiny units of electromagnetic energy called quanta. The electron cloud model and the quantum mechanics model are two different models talking about what the model looks like. They are both based on quantum mechanics. They both also involve a central location of protons and neutrons called the nucleus. But the quantum mechanics shows the electrons orbiting around the nucleus.…

    • 785 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Quantum Computing vs Conventional Computing Conventional computing methods are the ones we use normally in our day to day lives on our computers, cell phones, laptops etc. Methods employed to solve problems via conventional or classical computing are by far closest to the way a human brain performs them. In classical computing, information is stored in bits which are the discrete values of 1s and 0s. Performing operations on these discrete values on a classical machine is the same as performing them by hand. The typical features of classical computers like bits, registers, logic gates and algorithms have analogous features in a quantum computer.…

    • 762 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays