Transformational And Positive Leadership: The Theory Of Leadership

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Leadership has a history that in all likelihood goes back farther than human civilization. Leadership can be thought of as the act of leading a group of people, an organization, or even an entire country. From an industrial and organizational (I/O) psychological viewpoint, the definition of leadership may shift slightly since a psychologist would try to understand what factors have the greatest significance in creating positive leadership. One of the issues that arise when trying to define leadership is the wide variety of models for leadership, as well as leadership styles. Choosing one, or more specifically choosing the right one, can be a challenge. Demonstrating the right style and model in the right environment may be the key to a successful leader. An I/O psychologist might also try to figure out why some leaders exert more influence than others, and why leaders are generally seen as more credible, fair and honest. …show more content…
Transactional leaders use rewards, punishment, and goal setting in order to promote compliance from followers (Aamodt, 2016). Transformational leaders create a vision, and inspire followers to rise above self-interest and work towards a common goal (Aamodt, 2016). Research has shown that there is a correlation between transactional and transformational leadership behavior, and the trustworthiness associated with leaders; with transformational leaders being seen as more trustworthy, as opposed to transactional leaders (Purvee & Enkhtuvshin, 2015). There may not be any way to conclusively say that one form of leadership is superior to another. It may depend on the time, culture, and situation that people find themselves. However, there are certain leadership behaviors that elicit more trust and respect than other behaviors. It is these types of behavior that I/O psychologists are looking to discover, and that leaders should be trying to

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