Immigration During The Gilded Age

Improved Essays
By the end of the Civil War, the United States managed to undergo a drastic and imperative transformation in its history. When the war began, the country was mainly powered by agriculture. The end of the war began a new way of life in America- an industrial one. This period of time from the 1870s to the beginning of the twentieth century is known as “The Gilded Age”, which also included the “new industrial order.” The Gilded Age and the “new industrial order” dramatically increased the number of immigrants to and the amount of migration within the United States because of opportunity to leave a corrupted homeland in turn for extreme financial growth and prosperity. A few groups of people who participated in this migration include: The Japanese, …show more content…
The Mexican people referred to America as “El Norte,” and to them it meant a promised land of opulence. While immigrants of other nationalities faced a long journey across the Pacific, migrants from Mexico simply had to cross the border. Because the process of immigration was effortless compared to that of others, thousands of Mexican people journeyed to El Norte, singing a song about success in America, where “your watch is on its chain and your scarf-pin in your tie and your pockets always filled with plenty of silver” (Takaki 293). This song conveys the overall mindset of Mexican immigrants, identical to the other immigrants during this time. Similar to what happened in Japan, the people of Mexico were facing poverty and violence in their homeland, causing even more of a push of immigrants to America searching for fortune and security. Furthermore, the development of transportation, specifically railroads, during the new industrial order, accelerated the rates of migration, allowing more Mexican people to enter the Gilded …show more content…
Due to the fact that the labor force transformed from agricultural to industrial, U.S. citizens too benefited from the development of railroads, migrating from rural farmlands to urban cities. During this time period, the labor force went from consisting of seventy percent agricultural to only thirty-seven percent (Takaki 209). A specific group of people who migrated inside the country was the African Americans. This period of time where over six million blacks migrated from southern states to the Northeast, Midwest, and West is know as The Great Migration. Similar to the Japanese and Mexican people, the African Americans were traveling through the country in a search for higher-paying work. This in-country migration provided travelers with exactly what they were searching for. A letter used in chapter 13 of A Different Mirror states “I should have been here 20 years ago. I just begin to feel like a man” (Takaki 314). Others explained that work was plentiful and the opportunities were endless. The migration of African American people in the U.S. supports the idea that the Gilded Age was a time of economic expansion, which caused these people to leave their homes in search for internal economic growth. Overall, between the 1870s and the early 1900s, the United States experienced a major change in its economy, referred to as

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Before the big boom of industrialization the Civil War was just coming to an end and the country was going into an era of Reconstruction. The “New South” was focusing on their economics while the North began creating larger business and corporations. Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe began venturing to America to find easy and unskilled labor. So many immigrants came to the Northern cities during this period and took up many jobs. Because there were so many immigrants, cities began being built for their home and work life.…

    • 1115 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There were several significant factors that lead to an increase in Mexican immigration to the United States in the early 1900’s. The most noteworthy was the political unrest In Mexico, the Civil war and the lack of work. This left the Mexican population feeling insecure in their homeland. In addition, Mexico had a rapid growth in population that the family farm could not support. In America, there were some significant changes in immigration laws while industrialization was rapidly growing and in need of a labor force.…

    • 838 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    New inventions created during the Industrial Revolution, such as the cotton gin and steamboat, led to an increased requirement for cotton. The production of this raw material resided mostly in the South, which would then be transported to the North for manufacturing in factories. The 1800s marked an important time during this time period for the South because each decade showed a cotton production that was two times more than the first (Olsen-Raymer). Cash crops such as sugar, tobacco, and rice were also increased in production (“Compare Two Worlds: North vs South”). In total the South saw a export amount of around $185,000,000.…

    • 927 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Then large chains of grocery stores began to advance in locations near the cities that are more populated. There were increasing demands for improved social welfare, education, labor and political rights. Near the 20th century approaching the United States had become the world’s leading industrial nation. “With the great advances of the Industrial Revolution, inventors continued to work throughout the rest of the 19th and early 20th century on ways to make life easier while increasing productivity. The impact of these and other inventions of the time cannot be underestimated” (Kelly, 2015).…

    • 558 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Market Revolution in America The tide initial a new civil revolution in daily business and national wealth. Under the pressure of war debt and positive economic environment, Americans started their own Market Revolution. They established better road system for transportation and communication; they built factories as powerhouses of economy; they invent steamboat, train and car after the Second Industrial Revolution replacing horses and carriage. Under such climate, the Market Revolution also had profound impacts of the ordinary people. Not only just becoming wealthier, but they also had a different life style compared to their forefathers`.…

    • 1506 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The concept and execution of developing these railroads was successful and provided more jobs for those in need. The Industrialization of American helped to produce a growth within the economy which essentially surpassed the economies of other nations at this time. Alto During this industrial age there was a huge influx of immigrants primarily coming from southern and eastern Europe. Many white Americans had also developed a strong sense of nationalism which contributed to their hatred of immigrants who they believed were a threat to their livelihood. When it came down to beliefs and morals many Americans still maintained the idea that “individual enterprise, hard work, and free competition in open markets.” would make them successful and prioritized individualism.…

    • 711 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Similarly, Chinese and Mexicans competed with Anglo and African Americans, while Italians, Slavs and Poles emerged as major source of labor for the mining industry. Thus, the increased competition stirred tensions among the immigrants and the workers. While, the influx of immigrants coming in the country impacted the employers, the entrepreneurs beneficially, as they got labor for cheap price, the impact of the new immigrants remained negative for the industrial workers, as the immigrants competed with the workers job, due to their willingness to work with lower wages. The huge influx of immigration also greatly increased the population in the urban cities, leading to congestion, filth, diseases and…

    • 1001 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Late nineteenth century marked a new era for America. Because of the country’s rapid economic growth and industrial revolution, millions of immigrants from all around the world made the long journey to the United States. The “land of opportunity” as they called it, offered them a greater chance to have a better life. However, the vast majority of the “new” Americans faced an uphill battle for survival. Low wages, awful living conditions and racial discrimination took a toll on many of the immigrants.…

    • 392 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    “As countries industrialized, they also urbanized. This was a result of people moving to cities in large numbers in order to gain factory jobs” (document six). As countries had advancement in farming the farmers didn’t need as many workers, and so people fled to the cities for work. This is widely known as urbanization, and it is caused by, the agricultural revolution. “As the Industrial Revolution spread to the United States, plants such as this textile factory appeared” (Document 3).…

    • 1504 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Corporations and monopolies grew, growing a divide between the working class and the rich. American life in this era changed greatly with the huge influx of immigrants, increase in technological advances in railroading, and the rise of the United States as a world industrial power. Immigration was a major social development in the late 1800s.…

    • 328 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays