Transfer Appropriate Processing As A Model For Classroom Second Language Acquisition

1090 Words Oct 30th, 2016 5 Pages
Lightbown, P. M. (2008). Transfer appropriate processing as a model for classroom second language acquisition. Understanding second language process, 27-44.

Lightbown (2008) examines existing literature on the cognitive processes involved in the relationship between learning and retrieval. According to Lightbown (2008), a learner’s ability to retain and recall what he or she has learnt may be informed by the theory of Transfer appropriate processing (TAP). TAP posits that we can better recall what we have learnt if the cognitive processes are similar during active learning and active retrieval (Lightbown, 2008). The author illustrates an implication of TAP through an example of language acquisition; for example, learning to utilize language in a communicative context will improve one’s ability to recall it in that context (Lightbown, 2008). Hence, transfer is most successful when the retrieval conditions and learning conditions are analogous.

An implication of TAP for research methodological purposes is that requiring participants to examine and learn items presented to them visually, and then recall these items orally or in written format, may affect participants’ ability to recall said items. Another methodological implication raised by TAP is that if context plays such an important role in cognitive processes, then research on transfer that are conducted in laboratories may not applicable to real world settings as they do not reflect the context of natural learning…

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