Training and Development Essay

2207 Words Apr 15th, 2008 9 Pages
Contents

Introduction ……………………………………………… P. 3

What are training and development .………………...…P. 4-5

Benefits of training and development ………….…………P. 6

Problems in training ………………………….……………P. 7

Managing the training process .………………………..P. 8-11

Conclusion…………………………………………………P. 12

Reference………………………..…………………………P. 13

Introduction

Within the competitive world markets, today’s managers face greater challenges than ever before to maintain their position among the top economic powers. From a strategic prospective, employee training will become increasingly important during the 1990s because of the pressure to reduce costs and increase productivity. Many companies are finding that they can’t compete in the global market
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A common confusion that exists is the distinction between training and development. While training and development are similar, there are some important differences.

Training may be defined as the systemic advancement of the knowledge, skills and attitudes required by an individual to perform adequately a given task or job. It includes not only the knowledge received but also the constant application of that knowledge to daily situations. Training means bringing about continuous improvement in the quality of a person’s work, because without that improvement no training has taken place.

Development is used generally to apply to the development of the potential of an individual within an organization. However, it is more general than training and refers to learning opportunities designed to help employees grow. In contrast, development is an effort to provide employees with the abilities that the organization will need in the figure.

Training programs may combine both training and development. All two processes have a part to play in the effective use of human resources. Figure 1 summarizes the differences between training and development. In training, the focus is solely on the current job and jobs that employees will hold in the future. The scope of training is on individual employees, while the scope of development is on the entire work group or organization. That is, training is job-specific and addresses particular performance deflects or

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