Training and Development Essay

2052 Words Dec 3rd, 2012 9 Pages
1. Distinguish between training and development and human resource development.
Training
Training is an educational process. People can learn new information, re-learn and reinforce existing knowledge and skills, and most importantly have time to think and consider what new options can help them improve their effectiveness at work. Effective trainings convey relevant and useful information that inform participants and develop skills and behaviors that can be transferred back to the workplace.
Development
Development describes the growth of humans throughout the lifespan, from conception to death. The scientific study of human development seeks to understand and explain how and why people change throughout life. This includes all
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a. Training focuses on technical, mechanical oriented operations while Development focuses on theoretical skills & conceptual ideas
b. Training is concerned with specific job skills &behavior while Development is concerned with related enhancement of general knowledge & understanding of non-technical organization functions
c. Training is Mostly for non-managers whiledevelopmentis for managers &executives
d. Training focuses on current jobs while development prepares for future jobs
e. Training focuses on short-term gainswhile Development focuses on long-term accruals
f. Training Is job-oriented process & is vocational in nature while Development is general in nature & strives to inculcate initiative, enterprise, creativity, dedication & loyalty amongst executives
3. Describe the factors that influence training and development.
An organization’s human resource development system is a key mechanism for enabling the achievement of business goals through what has been argued to be one of the few remaining sources of competitive advantage which are the people. Policies of the human resource are affected by the macro environmental factors which are also known as the PEST factors,this includes political, economic, social and technological factors. One part of the human resource system, that is training and development, has been promoted as a key strategic lever in the attainment of competitive advantage. The training and development is

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