Theories Of Crisis Intervention

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In the field of crisis intervention, it is a well-known fact that anyone can step in during the initial phase of victim recovery and find a way to help and comfort the victims of a crisis. No formal training is necessary to showcase the Love of God or human kindness to those who are suffering as the result of a crisis. Trained crisis interventionists should, however, intervene as soon as possible in order to help the victims learn new coping methods, minimize the effects of the crisis, and regain pre-crisis levels of functioning (Kanel, 2015). In order to be a knowledgeable and skilled in crisis intervention, crisis interventionists should familiarize themselves with the nature and causes of trauma in general, learn how to cope with trauma …show more content…
According to Kanel (2015), a crisis is a limited period of time in which the victim of some type of trauma is unable to cope effectively or function normally. The crisis period, which usually lasts four to six weeks can result in a low level of functioning for the victim or a higher level of functioning, depending on whether or not they get immediate help (Kanel, 2015). According to Kanel (2015), immediate help can provide stability to the victim and empower them with coping skills for the future. Wright (2011) says that the state of turmoil in the victim’s life makes them more vulnerable and open to the intervention. According to Wright (2011), while the victim is experiencing this initial openness and receptivity, the interventionist should begin an immediate intervention for maximum effect. Additionally, the interventionist should help the victim take immediate action by involving them in goal setting and purposeful planning (Wright, 2011). Finally, interventionists should help victims of a crisis restore balance by providing information and alleviating fears (Wright, 2011). According to Kanel (2015), the crisis will end after approximately six weeks when the victim experiences a restoration of some sense of balance in life and is able to move forward with a new …show more content…
According to Wright (2011), “Trauma is the response to any event that shatters your safe world so that it is no longer a place of refuge” (p. 3014). Trauma is the adverse physical, mental, emotional, neurological, psychological, physiological, and spiritual effects that define the crisis stage of life and linger throughout the remaining stages of life (Wright, 2011). Additionally, research shows that victims who suffer the effects of multiple traumas over time face a more complex recovery process and are at a significantly increased risk of suffering from Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS) (King et al., 2015). In a study by King et al. (2015), 4154 children and adolescents from Louisiana, who had been affected by Hurricane Katrina and the Gulf Oil Spill, were screened for additional exposure to non-disaster trauma in order to determine if there was a cumulative effect of trauma. The five categories of trauma that were used to describe the additional trauma were: death and loss of others, threats to life, family disruption, interpersonal trauma, and life transition. Results indicated that non-disaster events in the lives of the participants posed an elevated cumulative risk of PTSS and other mental health problems. The time between the events did not diminish the effect, but females were more at risk than males (King et al., 2015). This research along with

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