Trail of Tears vs. the Long Walk of the Navajo Essay example

2132 Words Apr 10th, 2007 9 Pages
The Trail of Tears vs. The Long Walk of The Navajo

The Trail of Tears occurred in 1838 and about a fourth of the Cherokee nation perished during it. Out of the 12,000 Cherokees that traveled along the northern route, 4,000 were killed. The Long Walk of the Navajo occurred between 1863 and 1866, where hundreds of Navajos died from disease, starvation, and exposure. Both of these events played a major role in the history of America and the history of Native Americans. Although the Cherokees and Navajos are very different, they share a similar goal of wanting to survive. They both had a culture that focused upon hunting and gathering, but they also had to focus on finding an eventual homeland. The government of the United Sates
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During this period many Cherokee started breaking away and mixing their blood. In 1930 forty-five thousand two hundred thirty-eight Cherokee left Oklahoma and headed East from where they came (Bruchac 9). The 10,000 Cherokee that survived the Trail of Tears and the other Cherokee that were not taken for the removal slowly gained back in population in a century. The Tahlequah Agency in Oklahoma has said there were 42,992 Cherokee living in Tahlequah in 1982. The U.S. Census has shown 293,074 Cherokee are living in more than 30 states in the United States. Now the Cherokee Nation is under control of the first woman chief. In November 1983 Wilma Mankiller was elected to the office of the Cherokee Nation. The Cherokee survived the hardships of the Trail of Tears and the loss of their loved ones. Their population continues to grow despite losing everything that belonged to them (Bruchac 9). When the United States assumed control of the Southwest the Navajos had been at war with the Spanish and the New Mexicans for over 250 years. In 1862 Gen. James H. Carleton, territorial commander in the Southwest, proposed removing all the Navajos from their homeland east to Fort Sumner. Led by Kit Carson, more than 8,000 Navajos were herded into Fort Canby and Fort Wingate. "Carson's men and the soldiers who will follow them over the next year will lay Dinetah to waste, burning homes and fields of corn and wheat, destroying stores of food, girdling peach trees, killing

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