Traditionalist And Modernist Views

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Register to read the introduction… In the eyes of the ancient interpreters, there are four levels of interpretation concerning Scripture which all apply simultaneously. They are the literal which teaches facts, allegorical which teaches what should be believed, moral which teaches what you should do, and anagogical which teaches where you are headed. Kugel gives a good example of the application of the four levels using the city of Jerusalem. The literal meaning of Jerusalem is the actual city, the allegorical is the church, the moral is the person’s soul, and the anagogical is the heavenly city of God. These four levels have been applied to the entire Bible by ancient interpreters trying to reveal the cryptic meanings that are hiding deep in the Scriptures. The Modern biblical scholars have their own levels of interpretation, but once again they are much different from those of the Traditionalist. The modern …show more content…
The Traditionalist will agree that there is a historical sense to Scripture and that there are literary devices in the Bible. The Modernist however would never concede that there are deeper meanings in anything that the Bible has to say and in this there can be no reconciliation between the two. What the purpose of the interpretation, the assumptions, and the levels of interpretation all lead to is what the Bible’s purpose is in both Traditionalism and Modernism. As has been described in the earlier paragraphs, Traditionalists view the Bible as a living, active text that has been spoken by the very mouth of God. This view of the Bible has led to Midrash and many other supplemental materials seeking to explain the deeper meanings that lay buried underneath the surface of the text. For Traditionalists the Bible’s main purpose is solely the benefits and truth it can lead the spirit

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