Traditional Unions And The Mexican Maquiladoras Case Study

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Traditional Unions and the Mexican Maquiladoras: Dispute and Fragmentation
The first maquiladoras were established in the border cities of Nogales, Tijuana, Matamoros, and Ciudad Juarez in the 1960s and 1970s. There was a power struggle among the principal worker organizations (CTM, CROC, and COROM) to obtain the right to represent the workers during this period. This struggle provoked at least two types of labor actions. The first was focused on worker contracts and the right to control internal labor conditions. Quintero associates this action with traditional labor unions. It is traditional union action and it has been very common in the city of Matamoros. The second type of action was the formation of ghost (white) unions or protection
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For a while, CROM had been able to achieve greater worker affiliation than the CTM. However, disagreements between CROM local and national leadership caused a significant number of workers to change their affiliation to the CROC. After several years, CROM transformed itself into la Federación Obrera de Sindicatos Industriales de México (FOSIM) (The Federation of Union Industrial Workers of Mexico) and became affiliated with El Congreso del Trabajo (The Work Congress) (Quintero, 2001). The lack of union representation in the Tijuana maquiladoras explains the rise of independent unions. We can see examples of this in the cases of the conflicts of the Solidev maquiladora in 1979 and Han Yong in 1997. However, in the end, legal reconciliation rulings favored business owners over the …show more content…
In Hermosillo, The Sonoran State Federation of the CTM (FST-CTM) signed pre-union agreements with different companies between 200-2002. Later, they became unions. The Federation tried to convince business owners of the importance of maquiladora unions but the state government intervened under the argument of protecting foreign investors (Cirila Quintero´s interview with Vicente Solis, CTM-Sonora; October 2004). This action, combined with the economic crisis, caused many maquiladoras to be in danger of closing down. As a reaction, workers organized protests to defend their

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