Traditional Community Policing

Amazing Essays
Community policing has been an innovative policing philosophy that worth to be examined deeply. This kind of organizational strategies is seen to be different from the traditional policing at various aspects, since the targets and approaches of community policing is nearly opposite to those of traditional policing. Yet, both models of policing are sharing the same goal, which is to maintain social order by reduce the harm brought by crime in the society. Community policing achieves such aim by emphasis on crime prevention, whereas traditional policing stresses on fighting crime. This differs the way of measuring how effective of these two models. The efficiency of traditional policing can simply be rely on criminal statistics, like detection …show more content…
First, a strong bond and partnership must exist between the police and the community. Second, the police should serve the community, rather than control the citizens within the community. Police officers of all rank should all have a feeling as if they are part of the community as well instead of being a controller (Edwards, 2011, 124). Third, the police will work proactively to deal with the crime by solving any problems identified through communication with the community. Literally and simply, the policing should be done “with” and “for” the community, rather than “of “ it (Newburn, 2003, …show more content…
As the ultimate goal of community policing is to prevent crime from happening, a study of decreased crime rate may help to reflect how successful community policing is. Yet, crime statistics is can only provide a limited picture, as dark figures always exist. Moreover, the statistics cannot reflect the result of good liaison between police and community.

There are over 500 researches on community policing reported by Miller and Hess (2005, 485). Some practices were considered as “works”, like directed patrols in street corners of criminal hot spots, incorporation of probation officers and suspects of domestic assault and late-night recreation programs for youth, etc. These measures are really targeted into the community and aimed at solving social problems that may eventually lead to a cause of crime. On the other hand, what were considered as “doesn’t work” are, neighborhood block watch, arrests of juvenile of minor offenses and arrests of unemployed suspects of domestic assault, etc. It needed to be clarified that community policing should not be done with no clear crime and that means, community policing is not

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Both ways are used for the safety of the community. Also, both of the methods work with partnership. However, the only difference is that community-oriented policing strictly prevents crime from occurring and follows the key concept of addressing the problem from the roots. On the other hand, problem-oriented policing simply focuses on solving the present problem. I also believe that problem-oriented policing method is best used for more serious and complex crimes.…

    • 1805 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Communities have changed, families have changed, crime has changed, and now it is time for policing to change. Unlike traditional policing, community policing takes into account the feelings of the community when it comes to police matters. Community policing is collaboration between the police and the community that they serve. Community problems are more easily identified and solved. In community policing each member of the community becomes an ally to the police and enhances the safety of the neighborhoods.…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Policing organizations have two different types of policing strategies, one is community police and the other is problem-orientated policing. Both strategies are used with the citizens of the community to prevent crime. This paper will discuss the goals within the styles of policing, also how community and problem-oriented policing work, and Some of the criticism of community and problem-orientated policing within the organization and outside. Community Policing Community policing is a proactive style which involves strictly the community, it is meant to format a trust between the community and the police to help reduce the fear of crime and help prevent crime (Cheshire, 2017l¬). One example is, in Aug a group of individuals seen two Officers…

    • 1047 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The two policing approaches have elicited public debate on which one is the most suitable to control or prevent crime in the community. The community members are key partners in crime prevention rather than the use of order-maintenance policing propagated by the Broken Windows Theory. In the 1980s, there was the rise of two policing approaches, namely the Community-based policing approach (CP) and the Broken Windows Theory (BW) that were conceptually related but functionally apart (McKee & Lewis, 2016). They are different in practice, but they both concur that the police should be actively engaged with the community to minimize major crimes. Social scientists George Kelling and James Wilson introduced the BW theory in a 1982 article and was…

    • 1179 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    When discussing changing a stigma by implementing community policing, one must ask what is community policing? Miller, Hess, and Orthmann (2014) states, it is a philosophy or orientation that emphasizes working proactively with citizens to reduce fear, solve crime-related problems, and prevent crime. Community policing is a positive change for the community and for law enforcement that serves the community. An important concept to always remember is that the police are the community, and the community are the police (Miller et al., 2014). To successfully integrate this into police departments, we must examine several factors that have made police departments what they are today, what are ways to implement this new form of policing without resistance…

    • 1654 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This is because each strategy has its advantages and shortcomings. Regardless of the strategy adopted by law enforcement, the community expects crime to be eliminated and the causal factors addressed. A best practice model for policing should comprise of community oriented policing and zero tolerance policing strategies. As pointed out earlier, community oriented policing involves engaging the community in addressing matters concerning crime. This makes the community feel as part of crime reduction therefore making them more receptive to police initiatives.…

    • 1527 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Police Officer Duties

    • 805 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This model targets low income areas, areas with vacant lots, areas with gangs roaming the streets, and prostitution. The broken window model tries to prevent crime before it occurs by being visual in those areas, but also by making citizens feel safe in their neighborhoods. Officers and government officials are always looking for tools to…

    • 805 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Police Realities

    • 724 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Social distance not only influence the use of force by police but also impacts type and level of services provided. Smith et. al. stated that the police may be more likely to work with citizens and engage in community service activities, such as, block watch and community organizing in neighborhoods with less social distance and neighborhoods that are characterized as supportive of the police. This relates back to cynicism or the notion that officers believe there is nothing else that can be done about the problems in the beat or neighborhood (Phillips & Sobol,…

    • 724 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Due Process Model

    • 822 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Community policing programs may make people more vulnerable to their neighbors, as their community is watching for criminal behaviour. Having exuberant community neighbors may make people feel like they’re being stalked, and are defenseless against these people without looking suspicious of crime, which may encourage crime in rebellion. Police-community relations programs take a more relaxed position to viewing law enforcement. They allow citizens and community members to see law enforcement as other people, at their level. Actually knowing that law enforcement is there for protection rather than conviction would help deter and reduce crime to avoid damaging any emotional bonds between the community and law…

    • 822 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The differences between community policing and traditional policing are important to understand. Community policing puts society and quality of living as a priority, which can target the real issues of society (Carter & Sapp, 1994), whereas traditional law enforcement focuses on arrest and investigation. Random patrolling and other activities that law enforcement do is still a part of strategies, but it is not a primary objective for community policing. Creating a safe community, satisfaction with the police, and decreasing fear of crime are objectives (Wycoff & Manning, 1983). Community policing allows for a “broad police function” (Kelling, Trojanowicz, & Moore, 1999).…

    • 712 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays