Towards a Pragmatic Land Acquisition Policy for Industrial Use

2796 Words Aug 19th, 2012 12 Pages
Towards a Pragmatic Land Acquisition Policy for Industrial Use
- Indian Economy Project Report

Group 8
Isha Mani Ganesh
Jithin CR

PGP/15/283

Manju Nair

PGP/15/288

Manish Govindan

PGP/15/287

Prem Sarath

1|P ag e

PGP/15/280

PGP/15/304

Contents
1. Introduction................................ ................................ ................................ ............................... 3
2. Land Acquisition Act, 1894 ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 3
The Process ................................ ................................ ................................ ............................... 3
Definition of Public
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Land acquisition is a problematic issue in many developing countries including
India. In recent times, there have been increasing incidents of resistance, sometimes violent, from the land-owners and livelihood losers towards land acquisition. Cases of Posco, Mavel,
Singur and Nandigram were flashpoints in our country in the past two years.
One of the main reasons for these conflicts has been the inadequacy of the current land acquisition act to take into account the legitimate concerns of land owners and livelihood losers. Hence, the government has introduced a new bill to reduce the concerns of these stakeholders in land acquisition.

2. Land Acquisition Act, 1894
The central philosophy behind the act is the State’s power of eminent domain. It is the power of the state to directly own lands, also private lands, through acquisition. This power has three essential ingredients: the power of the state to take over private land, that this power has to be used for the public good and finally, that the state is obliged to compensate those whose lands have been taken.
The Process
1. Once the government decides on land for public purpose, a notification and public notice would be issued and put up, after which the survey would be done [Section 4]
2. Any person with a claim for compensation can raise an objection to the collector within 30 days[Section 5A]
3. Declaration would be issued by the government ,ie, the collector, after considering the

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