Tourism And Socio-Economic Development Of India Case Study

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1:6.2. National Scenario
Tiwari in his book- “Tourism and Socio-Economic Development” greatly emphasised the importance of domestic tourist in economic development of the state. No doubt, tourism is fast becoming global with an eye on quality. For instance the number of domestic tourists visiting Orissa in the year 1980 was 19,293 but increased sharply to 13,24,025 in2000, fuelling economic growth and development (Tiwari,2004). Today in India Tourism is the largest service industry with a total contribution of 6.23% to the National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 8.78% total employment. In 2010, foreign Tourist Arrivals(FTA)in India was 5.78 and generating about 200 billion US dollars in 2008(Wikipedia). The Dal Lake boat house in Jammu
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However, till date the region i considered as backward and a far away land, remote, isolated and surrounded by intimidating, hostile environment due to the existence of history, geography, and politics. Thus proper utilization of natural (geographical asset) and cultural (institutional asset) resources holds the key to development of a nation or a region with active participation by the people. The sole objective being removal of poverty, basic human needs should be made easily accessible such as clean drinking water, clean sanitation, and health services, access to knowledge of schooling and literacy thereby improving the living conditions of the masses. It is at this particular point of view that the present research felt the need for promoting eco-village tourism as a major alternative sector for economic development especially towards the mountainous region of Ukhrul in Manipur. Today Development is understood in terms of sustained increased in income accompanied by general rise in the well being and economic capabilities of the people.(Yumnam,2011).It should also be further understood that the growth rate in NE differs widely with their counterparts of India continent. The vast resources in terms of natural, cultural assets existing in the region has to be fully explored and identified especially in community based with people’s participation through eco-village tourism. To the farthest extend possible economic life should be improved by taking up various eco-village activities that can generate income and provide job opportunities in the form of home stay accommodation, fishing at the river beds, showcasing rich tribal culture, arts, handicrafts and handloom, folk dance and songs etc. Trekking can be promoted at a wide scale with the locals as tour guides. The serene beauty of the jungles and deep forest would be quite thrilling for

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