Totalitarianism And Oligarchism In 1984

1395 Words 6 Pages
In George Orwell’s 1984, multiple themes of governmental systems can be viewed, some of which can be totalitarianism, socialism, and oligarchism. The biggest ideology derived from 1984 is “Big Brother” watching us, directly foreshadowing mass surveillance on society that is evident in today’s society. The fact that Orwell was able to predict the amount of “security measures” put into place today, 65 years ago is almost frightening to some. The book is set in the year 1984, during a time of turmoil for the fiction superpower named Oceania. Oceania is in an eternal war with Eurasia and Eastasia. Winston Smith is a low-ranking level of Oceania’s oligarchism form of government. Because of Ingsoc’s (the ruling party of Oceania) ultimate power …show more content…
With the new language Ingsoc is implementing and forcing every member of Oceania to learn, they have truly dominated a whole race of people, forcing them to be who they want. This troubles Smith greatly, for he has been committing the worst kind of crime in Oceania, thought crime. He fears the Thought Police will arrest him at any given moment. Everyone he encounters he believes is a member from Ingsoc sent to investigate Smith for his thought crimes, except for one man, O’Brien. Smith believes that O’Brien is a member of the Brotherhood, a secret organization who is dead set on overthrowing Ingsoc. Smith then begins a secretive relationship with Julia, a woman who Smith originally thought was a spy, and who works in the Ministry of Truth, the ministry that rewrites history to however Ingsoc deems fit. The fact that Smith has to rewrite facts that he knows to be true into something that is completely far fetched makes Smith hate Ingsoc more and more everyday. Eventually Smith receives a letter from O’Brien inviting him to his house. Smith and Julia go to O’Briens house where he indoctrinates the two into the Brotherhood. After Smith …show more content…
The first being psychological manipulation. The giant telescreens in every citizens house flood all members with constant propaganda which turns Ingsoc’s follies in victories. The posters plastered everywhere reinforce that “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU” reinforce that the government is regulating everything and everything. The demolition of family life plays an important part in how the government controls their citizens, turning children into spies and making sex purely for reproduction. The ways the physically control the citizens by forcing members of the Ingsoc party go through Physical Jerks in the morning to exhaust the person before they work long hours, makes it very easy for citizens to be brainwashed. The way the government controls the history and language adds to the people being held to he will of the government If the government controls how you speak and what you lived through, it makes it very easy to live through their lie. In Oceania society, a person’s own mind became their worst

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