Essay about To What Extent Scotland Is A Divided Society

1346 Words Oct 29th, 2015 6 Pages
With “950,000 individuals living in households regarded as experiencing ‘absolute poverty’.” and “870,000 individuals in Scotland living in households regarded as experiencing ‘relative poverty’”. (Poverty in Scotland, 2014: 91) It has long been argued that Scotland is a divided society. There are many ways, which will allow us to see to what extent Scotland is a divided society. To come to a balanced conclusion on to what extent Scotland is a divided society, we must look at several key factors. This includes gender and how men and women are treated in society, age and what divisions occur in the young and the elderly, class and how the bottom and the middle class are divided and finally, the disabled and to what extent they encounter divisions.
In examining the extent to which Scotland is divided, first we must consider the impact of gender on divisions. It has long been argued throughout Scotland that women are “Significantly, under-represented in positions of influence in business, the police, media and the senior judiciary” (Knypsel and Daly, 2008: 411). This is further emphasized by the fact that women’s full time average earnings are 13.3 percent, and part time earnings are just under 34 percent, less than those of men (Close The Gap, 2014). The extreme difference in wages highlights a clear division between men and woman in terms of pay. Many question how this can be the case, when policies such as The 1970 Equal Pay Act are in place. The 1970 Equal Pay Act aims to…

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