To what extent is the welfare state of the 21st century similar to that envisaged by William Beveridge?
This essay will commence by explaining who William Beveridge was and what problems he seen within the welfare state. Following on from this, it will then compare the welfare state of the 21st century to that seen by William Beveridge in his famous “report of the Inter-Departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services” which was published on the 1st December 1942, discussing problems and similarities. The “five giant evils” Beveridge claimed to exist will be indentified and analyzed in depth and how Clement Attlee's 1945 Labour government pledged to eliminate these evils. Margaret Thatcher was the first woman conservative
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M, Stephens, P, Moore. S 2000). For ‘idleness’ there was the recommendation from Beveridge that the Government should act to ensure full employment. Relating to ‘ignorance’ before the Second World War, the education system was rigid and inconsistent in terms of what it offered to whom. Because of this The Education Act was put in place in 1944 to provide secondary education for everyone, although there were many flaws in the system. Children were made to sit an exam at the age of 11 to determine which school they went into. This was known as the tripartite system. The 21st Century however, no longer uses this system as it had many problems and was highly unfair. Now, all children attend the same comprehensive school until they reach the age of 16 and decide whether to stay on for further education or leave school. Legislation put in place to deal with squalor included The New Towns Act (1946), The Town and Country Planning Act (1947), The Housing Act (1947) and The Housing Rents and Repairs Act (1954). These all aimed to deal with house building programmes to rid of all slums and build new council houses. The Town and Country Planning Act was put in place to make sure all local authorities planned the