As Michael McFaul, the United States Ambassador to Russia said, “In retrospect, all revolutions seem inevitable. Beforehand, all revolutions seem impossible.” The same was the case with the Haitian Revolution that started in 1791 and finally ended with the independence of Haiti in 1805. The slaves of Haiti could never have imagined rising up against the authorities let alone doing it and seeing it through till its end. Light a match and see the fire spread. The match was the French Revolution which not only left its permanent mark on history but became an example and inspiration for many revolutions to come. “The Haitian revolution was one of the two successful attempts, along with the American Revolution, to achieve permanent independence
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He appealed not to the slaves, but to the big whites, hoping to convince them with arms that they held common interests as plantation owners. The big whites would have none of it. They responded with the utmost savagery, suppressing the rising, torturing Oge and the other leaders, and finally killing them. But the spark of rebellion had been lit, and the fire of revolution would travel back and forth between the France and the colony for the next decade. Although the French did not realize it but the fate of the two revolutions was tied together in a complex knot.
Faced with revolution in France and chaotic conflict in the colonies, the king of France attempted to organize a counterrevolution and tried to flee Paris but was seized by the masses. The Parisian masses had heard of Oge’s murder and began to see their common cause with not only the free men of color but with the slaves. They now demanded liberty and equality not only at home but also abroad. Under pressure from the radicalized masses, the assembly again debated the question of rights for free men of color. In the end, they reached another compromise that only served to further inflame the colonial revolt. They granted rights to free men of color who had been born of free parents. One delegate, Barnave, summed up the attitude of the French bourgeoisie, stating