To what extent do ways of knowing prevent us from deluding ourselves? Justify your answer with reference to at least one area of knowledge

1602 Words Sep 1st, 2014 7 Pages
To what extent do ways of knowing prevent us from deluding ourselves? Justify your answer with reference to at least one area of knowledge

Ways of knowing are the core of TOK for us to get knowledge in different Areas of Knowledge. The two key terms on this essay question are “ways of Knowing” and “deluding ourselves”. “Ways of knowing are how we acquire knowledge about the world around us, and figure out our relationship with it”. (IB Diploma Program, 31) Ways of Knowing help us to understand Areas of Knowledge fully. TOK has 8 Ways of Knowing; on this essay I will discuss the three ways: - sense perception, emotions, and reasoning. “Deluding ourselves” means to mislead the mind or judgment. It means deceiving ourselves. In other
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Our sense has a limited scope to which it understands the world. If I see the relation between the sun and the earth, I can easily say the sun is revolving around the world just by seeing, but apparently which is not true. Additionally our sense perceptions are highly influenced by our emotions. Sometimes we view situations in a way we want it, which brings biased judgments. For example- In history, if we listen to two eye-witnesses for a specific war, even though the truth about the war is the same for both, but the way they look at and describe the situation is different since both will have different emotion; one is angry and one is happy so it will make difference on their sense perception. In other situation, I am an Arsenal fan, and when Arsenal plays with Chelsea, the way I interpret the referee’s decisions is the way it will favor Arsenal. Most of the decision made by the referee against Arsenal is wrong since I like Arsenal.
Not only are our sense perceptions, our reasoning also highly affected by our emotions. My reasons towards something depend on my mood to the situation, or my feeling to the situation. Additionally, deductive and inductive reasoning do not always guarantee us from knowing the truth. Sometimes they mislead us especially words like “always, all, many, never…” This words show us generalization based on premises which usually are based on our previous experiences, which are based on seeing and feelings things once or

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