To What Extent Can Global Food Production Meet the Demands of Today and Tomorrow Whilst Remaining Sustainable and Ethical
In the first half of this century, agriculture will have to face several challenges. Currently food production can meet the whole worlds population needs, except it is not distributed fairly. World population is expected to soar by 34% to reach 9.1 billion by 2050, with the entire 2.3 billion rises to take place in the developing countries. Furthermore, not only will population growth take place entirely in developing countries but also it will occur mostly in urban areas that will swell by 86% or nearly 3 billion people while rural populations shrink by 18%. The combined effect of population growth, high-income …show more content…
Agriculture therefore, will have to be more productive. It suggested that future production increases would mostly come from yield growth and improved cropping intensity rather than from bringing more land into cultivation despite the fact that are still sufficient land resources with potential for crop production particularly in Latin America and sub-Sahara Africa. This will require substantial increases in investment, especially in supply side policies as better access to modern inputs, more irrigation systems, machinery and implements, more roads and better rural infrastructures, as well as more skilled and better trained farmers are needed.
The technology gap between countries also needs to be eradicated. Capacity building through knowledge transfer using advice being passed on from MEDC’s to LEDC’s would help to to achieve sustainable