Tinto's Model Of Student Departure (1975)

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In this chapter, the researcher will provide a detailed look at the literature and the theoretical framework starting with Tinto’s Model of Student Departure (1975). The framework will provide a better understanding of first year retention as it pertains to increasing student persistence within the first year of enrollment. The research will discuss topics ranging from examining community colleges retention, to the factors that affect student retention. Additionally, the literature review will explore the history of student retention while focusing on the programs colleges use in retaining students and building connection within the campus community. The literature review will address the transformation colleges make in order to assist students …show more content…
Tinto (1975) has spent many years examining the theoretical reasons why students do not persist in college. Tinto specifically looking at students who drop out of college by creating awareness of the issue and helping institution begin to change focus from placing blame on the students to helping institution see their role in student retention. Tinto viewed student persistence as a longitudinal process that can take place over the course of a student’s involvement in college (1975). Students who develop a strong connection to the academically and socially tend to persist towards graduation. The connections can take place within the first to second year of college, in which the students find a commitment to being involved in the campus …show more content…
These differences will affect the methods a college can take to increase retention for traditional and non-traditional students who attend community colleges. Administration, faculty, staff, and students work together to implement programs campus wide to help student assimilate into college successfully. First year experience or new student experience programs developed to provide students with additional information after orientation (Keup & Barefoot,

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