Thrombosis Essay

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DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS (DVT) COURTNEY BENHAM PHLEBOTOMY AND HEMATOLOGY SEPTEMBER 1,2015 Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that will happen when a thrombosis (blood clot) forms in the deep veins in the muscles of your body. Most commonly DVT is found in the legs, but can occur anywhere in the body. DVT can restrict blood flow through the vein, causing pain and swelling. Signs and symptoms of DVT include; swelling in your foot, ankle or leg, cramping in the affected leg felt mostly in the calf, pain in your foot or ankle, area where it is affecting the skin may feel warmer to the touch, or turning pale, blue or red color. However, DVT may occur without any signs or symptoms. (WEB MD) In the United States alone 600,000 new cases are diagnosed …show more content…
60,000 to 100.000 Americans die of DVT and also PE (pulmonary embolism). 10 to 30 % of people will die within a month of diagnosis. Of the people who have had a DVT, one half will have lifelong complications called post thrombolytic syndrome. swelling, pain and scaling in the affected area. 33% of people diagnosed will have a recurrence within ten years. 5 to 8% of the United States population has genetic risk factor known as inherited thrombophilia. An article from Web MD states that " DVT kills more people every year than AIDS, breast cancer, and motor vehicle accidents combined". (R. Morgan Griffen, Web, MD) In our body we have deep veins and superficial veins, a blood clot in the deep veins can be dangerous even fatal. When a piece of …show more content…
Less common risks include; catheter into an arm vein, insertion of a pacemaker or defibrillator, cancer near a vein. Surgeries that can attribute to the risk include; hip, spine, brain, knee, pelvis, also any trauma, especially, if a blood vessel has been injured, this will increase an individual 's risk of developing a clot, surgery that reduces blood flow. (Up to Date.com) Some other factors that can lead to DVT are certain blood disorders, Polycythemia Vera, which is a disorder of the bone marrow that causes the increased production of red blood cells, Essential Thrombocythemia also known as Thrombocytosis, rare chronic blood disorder characterized by overproduction of platelets by megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. Antiphospholipid Antibodies, an abnormality of blood coagulation increases thrombosis, other factors may include Factor V Leiden or Prothrombin an inherited disorder of blood clotting, it is the name of a specific gene mutation that results in Thrombophilia which is the increased tendency to form abnormal blood clots that block blood vessels. (Web MD, Up to Date. com) Deep Vein Thrombosis may attribute to other conditions

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