Three Major Cultural Changes And Contributions Between The Paleolithic And Neolithic

780 Words 4 Pages
QUESTION 1
Name and discuss three major cultural changes or contributions to the humanities that occurred between the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to the Neolithic (New Stone Age) period (wall paintings, architecture, literature, technology).
Between the Paleolithic Age and Neolithic Age, wall paintings were a major cultural change to humanities. Paleolithic life comes largely from paintings found in caves. Most of these paintings were naturalistic. For example, ‘many of the animals-bison, mammoths, reindeer, boars, wolves, and horses- gracefully jump, run, and romp, conveying a remarkable sense of animation.’ These paintings are done with pigments used of mineral oxides in the colors black, brown, red, and yellows. These paintings were created
…show more content…
Rituals would be linked to prayer to enhance the powers of nature. Power would be gained over elements of nature. For example, they would have rituals for hunting. They would perform a ritual before they hunted to gain control over the animals that we going to be hunted and killed. Therefore, ‘art, religion, and ritual were bound together as images, words, and physical movement were combined to achieve success in the hunt.’ That is why religion and ritual were important for prehistoric cultures in which it gave power to the people to control nature to survive. Lastly, sculptures were made to depict the human figure, mostly female figures, but were rare. It was made from durable materials such as ivory, bone, horn, stone, and …show more content…
It is the gods granting the right to rule. He developed a codified series of laws that brought unity to the conflicting and often unwritten laws of Mesopotamia. Also, it probably influenced the Law of Moses, which had such a profound effect on Western civilization.
QUESTION 4
What inventions have the Sumerians been credited with? Explain thoroughly.
Some inventions the Sumerians have been credited with was the ziggurats. The ziggurats are raised platforms that temples were built on. Another inventions was the walls being battered, that is, ‘sloping, making them stronger than vertical walls because they are self-buttressing.’ Lastly, they constructed the walls with weeper holes to allow water that gathers in the masonry to run out through these small, regularly placed openings.
QUESTION 5
Explain one (1) main artistic/cultural characteristic of the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom of Egypt (i.e. architecture, literature, sculpture, paintings). You can only use one (1) artistic/cultural characteristic

Related Documents