Thorndike 's Theory Of Verbal Behavior, Comparative Psychology, Intelligence Testing, And The Application Of Quantitative Measure

1570 Words Nov 16th, 2016 7 Pages
Thorndike pioneered work in educational practices, verbal behavior, comparative psychology, intelligence testing, the nature-nurture problem, transfer of training, and the application of quantitative measure to sociopsychological problems. Thorndike called the association between sense impressions and impulse to action a bond or a connection. This marked the first formal attempt to link sensory events to behavior. Thorndike’s concern was not only for stimulus conditions and tendencies to action, but also for what held the stimulus and response together. He believed they were connected by a neural bond. His theory is called connectionism. For Thorndike, the most basic form of learning was trial-and-error learning, or what he originally called selecting and connecting. During his research on learning he used a kind of puzzle box with cats. Thorndike plotted the time it took the animal to solve the problem as a function of the number of opportunities the animal had to solve the problem. Thorndike consistently noted that the time it took to solve the problem systematically decreased as the number of trials increased; meaning, the more opportunities the animal had, the faster it solved the problem. Learning occurs in very small systematic steps rather that in huge jumps. He noted that if learning was insightful, the graph while doing his research would show that the time to solution would remain relatively stable and high while the animal was in the unlearned state. Based on his…

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