Thomas Jefferson Biography

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On April 13, 1743, the author of the declaration of independence and third president of the US was born in Shadwell plantation, West Virginia. This famous historical figure is Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson’s mother was Jane Randolph Jefferson. She came from a prominent background and lived in London until her sister, Mary was born, moving to Virginia in 1725. She married Peter Jefferson on October 3, 1739, in Goochland County. Peter was a justice of peace, sheriff, and surveyor. He also acquired land in Albemarle County, Virginia, called Shadwell and later the place of Thomas Jefferson’ s birth. Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743 after his two oldest sisters, Jane and Mary. He also had four younger sisters, Elizabeth, Martha, Lucy, …show more content…
This stalemate also led to the establishment of the 20th amendment, separating the voting of president and vice president. On March 4th, 1801, in Washington D.C. Thomas Jefferson was sworn into office as the third president of the United States. Jefferson was the first president to be inaugurated in the new capital. Many important events took place during his presidency. First, during the beginning of Jefferson’s presidency, the first Barbary War broke out. This started due to Jefferson’s refusal to pay tribute to Pasha of the Yusuf Karamanli dynasty of Tripolitania. This war lasted nearly four years and was considered the first “foreign war”. Later that year Jefferson appointed William C.C. Claiborne as the first new territorial Governor of Mississippi. In December of 1801, Jefferson announced his first address to the new seventh congress of the United States, which was read by the House Clerk. This became a tradition until Woodrow Wilson read his personally. Eventually a meeting took place, discussing the treaty of 1794 resulting in demand of the United States to pay 664,00 euros to Britain for revolutionary War …show more content…
On February 24, 1803, the Marbury v. Madison takes place. This case is considered one of the most important cases in Supreme Court history. The case determines traditions of judicial review and reshapes Supreme Court as an equal branch of the federal government. One of Jefferson’s greatest achievements happens on April 30, 1803, when the Louisiana Purchase treaty is signed. This agreement doubled the size of the United States, giving territory from the Mississippi river to the Rocky Mountains. Edward Preble is chosen to be commander of U.S. navy by Jefferson. Burr kills Alexander Hamilton during a duel, dying on July 11, 1804. By this time the 20th amendment is ratified and Jefferson runs for reelection and is inaugurated for a second term in March of 1805. The U.S. are finally able to win a major victory against the Tripolitan by capturing the city of Derna. This then turns into a Treaty of Peace and Amity in Tripolitan ending the war. Jefferson then makes an address in late 1805, warning cities to prepare for war with

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