Summa's Theologae, By Thomas Aquinas

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When the word crusade appears in either a sentence or in a verbal statement it automatically begins to raise concerns in ideas due to problematic historical references being recalled and even present day social problems. The infamous idea of the crusade refers to the medieval era, 500AD-1500AD, where there was a rise in European military expeditions. This rise in military power created a series of European “crusades” and campaigns in attempt to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims. Even in present day these crusades of the past get the new name, the “holy war,” which is believed to never end by a lot people. What makes the crusades very unique in its own and not just some random war is that this is where we first see the mix between religions …show more content…
Aquinas writes “Summas Theologae” (often referred to as just “Summa”). In his writing he quotes multiple readings from the bible to help come to the final decision on whether war is right or wrong. In his opening point Aquinas quotes, “All who draw the sword will die by the sword” (Matthew 26.52). This draws his conclusion of “Every kind of war, then, is unlawful” (Encounters in World History, p. 110). Aquinas’ does have the right idea because the scripture itself says that if you initiate a threatening action you will fall yourself. The crusades are not justified in the eyes of the bible and its teachings. Secondly Aquinas goes on to state that “the only thing that stands as a contrary to the act of virtue is a sin. Now war is the contrary of peace. Therefore, it is always a sin” (Encounters, pg. 110). I stated earlier that the Pope was able to convince the followers of Christianity to submit into the crusades because it would relieve them of their sins by receiving indulgences in return. That alone contradicts the any and all things the Pope states because if you commit a sin in order to receive a lesser punishment on your already previously committed sins then that is a double negative. To a certain extent that is like saying you commit murder then in order to avoid it you kill the detective on the …show more content…
“The first is the authority of the sovereign on whose command war is waged.”
2. “A just cause is required.”
3. “The right intention of those waging war is required, that is, they must intend to promote the good and to avoid evil.” (Encounters, pg. 110-11).
The first point Aquinas talks about basically means that an individual can just go about what he or she feels like doing to start something. There cannot be any sort of lone wolf attack. The entire entity or group of people must decide collectively to rage war. The second point refers to the idea that is someone has done something wrong and they deserve to be punished then for what they did is what will make it just. One may not just punish someone wrongfully without reason. The final point is self-explanatory in the fact that it says you have to be promoting what is right, but what is “right” is such a vague term that it is obvious that this is where many interpretations will be

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