Thomas Aquinas On Evil And Summa Theologica Essay

1024 Words Dec 1st, 2016 5 Pages
Thomas Aquinas discusses the topic of what is will and if it is free in a vast majority of his essays, such as within On Evil and Summa Theologica. Aquinas tackles the idea of if the will is free and he answers with yes that humans have free will, but why? According to Aquinas the will is free for several reasons, this is in regards to what the will is and how the freedom of that will allows for a choice to be made, to either will the good or not. Therefore, the will is free due to the voluntary nature of an individual to do otherwise in any given circumstance. The will for Thomas Aquinas is the appetite that follows the judgement of reason. That means that individuals want to choose what option is going to most benefit them and they use intellect to come to that decision. He describes the will as to “have(ing) (the) inclination towards good, but with knowledge… belongs to the intellect.” Thus, the will has a predisposition towards the good that is guided by intellect. The will, as described by Aquinas, leads one to want to “know the universal aspect of goodness.” The quote helps to further clarify at how an individual wishes to seek out the commonality of what is good. Humans arrive to this goodness through not only the senses, but from a judgement of the situation. Animals are unlike humans in this sense, furthermore, animals do not have free will, but rather a natural inclination that acts on instinct. Aquinas provides the example of how the sheep perceives a wolf as a…

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