Thesis Essays

1485 Words Jan 20th, 2013 6 Pages
RELATED LITERATURE
Foreign Literature

The term peer group refers to an individual's small,intimately group who we interact on a daily basis. Peer group is also what we call “friends” the ones who we hang out, having to tell our secrets and having to do activities all together. As a child growing into a adolescent, they tend to spend more time with their peers groups compared to spending time with their families. The environment of peer groups also changes during adolescence period. There are three groups during adolescents , the early, middle and the late adolescent peer groups. During this period, child still on Identity vs Role Confusion according to the theory of Erik Erickson. This is the period teens develop a sense of self and
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Beliefs and behaviors that are discouraged and received negatively by the peer group will less likely to be displayed again by an individual. If belief and behaviors are positively received by the peer group, it is most likely to appear on the attitude of the individual. Another example that are likely to involve in peer influence is the model processes .Model process is based on the ideas that people learn by watching or observation on what others do. According to (Bandura,1986), depending on the consequences, observation of an attitude or behavior of an other individual can either strengthen or weekend the likelihood that the observer will engaged in such behavior or can actually adopt the behavior or beliefs.

Peer influence is most likely to occur in subtle means such as gossiping, teasing, bullying and humor. Those are clearly communicating unacceptable behavior according to (Eder and Sanford) . Peers constitute is one of the most important contexts for child development and also for socialization. Peer Constitute serves as sources of instrumental and emotional support, help the child to build values and beliefs, and other behavioral norms of the peer culture and in broader society.

According to Brown(2004), North American youth are more likely to encounted peers in school, which makes the schools a major locus or point of peer group interaction. In United States, adolescents are already exposed in a lot of peer pressure even during the first year

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