Theory Proposed By Copernicus, The Sun, And Not The Earth Essay

2186 Words Nov 7th, 2016 9 Pages
1. Copernican hypothesis: It was a theory proposed by Copernicus, which hypothesized that the sun, and not the earth, was the center of the universe, and thus the stars and the planets revolved around it. The hypothesis was rejected and condemned by religious leaders, especially Protestants, who thought that it countered Scriptural texts.
2. Law of universal gravitation: It is one of Newton’s theories. It suggests that each body in the universe attracts every other body. It is expressed by a mathematical formula in which the force of attraction is proportional to the quantity of the objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
3. The Enlightenment: It was a political, social, philosophical, and cultural movement that arose in the late 17th and 18th centuries. Its goal was to ‘enlighten’ the human minds, clouded by ignorance and superstition, through the use of reason, progress, and the scientific method.
4. Philosophes: They were a group of French intellectuals who lived during the Enlightenment Era and whose intent was to free their fellow creatures from ignorance through reason and knowledge. Among the most important people that took part in this mission were the baron de Montesquieu and Voltaire.
5. Deism: It is a view of God in which Voltaire believed in. According to such thinking, God does not intervene in the universe. Voltaire compared God to a great clockmaker who built an orderly system, the universe, and then stepped aside and…

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