Theory of State Essay

1661 Words Apr 4th, 2016 7 Pages
Student No: 057534
The theory of State of Kenya.

To talk about my theory of state of Kenya, considerations must be made to the following factors. Firstly, we cannot talk about a state until we get beyond a single family and until a multitude of men and women (families, men, women and children) are united together. Secondly, a permanent relation of the peoples, both the governors and the governed, to a designated territory. Thirdly, there has to be unity of the whole, the cohesion of the state. Fourthly, the presence of a sovereign possessing authority. The state is not a lifeless instrument, a dead machine: it is a living and therefore organized being (Bluntschli, 2000).

According to Mann (1993), the theories of state include
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From the time of independence in 1963, the political environment was composed of two national parties, KANU and KADU, which were largely delineated on tribal lines. The country’s new ruling coalition among the two parties was an uneasy combination of competing interests. The political class was made up of a few but well educated groups of politicians, recently promoted cadres of administrative staff and teachers and a growing business community. The ‘radicals’ group in government were mostly represented by Oginga Odinga and Bildad Kaggia, while Jomo Kenyatta and Tom Mboya led the ‘conservative’ camp. In retrospect, the ensuing Odinga–Kenyatta clash seemed near inevitable, the product of a deep division that was papered over in order to secure the transfer of power. (The Changing Face of Kenya Politics, 1966)

In order to widen his leadership base, Kenyatta worked on the art of neo-patrimonialism better than those who were around him. This involved his assimilating into the political system and the government institutions the patrimonial logic of attributing the right to rule to an individual rather than to an office. Kenyatta’s neo-patrimonialism was characterized by what Bratton and Walle (1997) refered to as systematic clientelism, where government jobs, material rewards and economic opportunities were offered as favours to clients who in turn

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