Essay on Theory of Personality

2496 Words Apr 1st, 2006 10 Pages
Theory of Personality Paper
Humanistic psychology has led to the development of several different psychotherapies. All are based on the idea that people possess the resources for growth and healing and that the goal of therapy is to help remove the barriers that block this growth and achievement. Although, several theorists have contributed to Humanistic Psychology, one of the most renowned is, Abraham Maslow. Humanistic psychology is defined as:
"Explicitly concerned with the human dimension of psychology and the human context for the development of psychological theory."

Abraham Maslow was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1908, and attended City College in New York for three semesters, where he studied law. Maslow
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This level is different from the previous four in that, they continue to be experienced. The term "self-actualization," expresses the nature of this level. To be the best you, that you can be, becoming the most complete and satisfied with the person you are. To get to this stage, all of the other needs have to be met to some extent. If the lower needs are not met, you cannot commit to fully fulfilling your potential.
Maslow used a qualitative method called biographical analysis to look at the kind of people called self-actualizers. He looked at a group of people he decided met his qualification of self-actualizers, among this group were: Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, and 12 unnamed people who were alive at the time Maslow did his research. Maslow concluded that the subjects chosen exhibited natural values and human kinship, social interest, compassion and humanity.
Maslow's theory is still in use today, despite the gains made in psychology, it is still one of the most popular. St. Margaret Hospital in Budapest, Hungary used Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory in a study of its Geriatric Patients in 2004. According to the clinical section in the 2005 Gerontology, the aim of the study was to contribute to the improvement of the quality of care of the hospital's geriatric patients.
The study included 303 randomly chosen patients. The group included 83 men and 220 women, all over 60 years old. The mean

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