Essay Theories Of The Psychoanalytical Theory

780 Words May 6th, 2015 4 Pages
There are four major theories that are used to describe personality. These four theories are call psychodynamic, trait or five-factor model, humanistic, and social cognitive. Each of these theories have their advantages and disadvantages and I will be discussing those in the following paragraphs. The first theory that I will be discussing is Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytical theory. The psychoanalytical theory relies on three core assumptions: psychic determinism, symbolic meaning, and unconscious motivation. Psychic determinism is the assumption there is a cause to all psychological events and that forces that we are unaware of control us. Symbolic meaning is the belief that no actions have meaning and that all are attributable to previous mental causes. The third assumption is unconscious motivation, which is that we very rarely understand why we do what we do. Freud also hypothesized that human psyche consist of three components: id, ego, and superego. Freud also found that when the ego experiences anxiety, it engages in defense mechanisms. The most important mechanisms are repression, denial, regression, reaction formation, projection, rationalization, and sublimation. The most controversial aspect of Freud’s theory is his model of psychosexual development. Freud founds that personality development follows a series of stages and that each of these stages focus on a different sexually arousing part of the body. The five stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency, and…

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