Theories Of Sigmund Freud 's Theory On Criminology Essay

1117 Words Feb 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Trait Theories:
The Works of Sigmund Freud in Relation to Criminology

Sigmund Freud (Born in 1856 and died in 1939) was a prominent psychologist who conceived and developed the Psychodynamic Theory—Psychoanalytic Theory—which comprises three parts and is predicated on sexuality’s influence on the development of a human being, and the effects of that development on the personality exhibited by adults later in life. The purpose of this essay is to briefly explore the influence of Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory on criminology, to further understand the psychology of what causes people to commit criminal acts as adolescents and/or adults.(Siegel, 2013)
There are three parts comprising the Psychodynamic Theory which are composed of subsequently distinct and identifiable characteristics. First is id, characterized by the drive for instant gratification, disregard of the rights of others, and is driven primarily by the pleasure principle. Id directs a person toward the achievement of sex, food, and any other life sustaining necessities.(Siegel, 2013)
Second is the ego, a component of the personality acting to compensate for the demands of id. The ego is guided by the reality principle which enables one to learn by experience, the consequences of one’s actions. The principle takes into account the practicality of social conventions and standards. I.e., it guides one’s behavior based on reactions from society, determining whether a behavior was acceptable in the eyes of peers and…

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