Observational learning is when an individual behavior is reflective of someone else’s in their environment, there are factors which regulate the imitation of these behaviors, the first is if the other individual is someone of same sex or an authority figure. Second, if their imitated behavior is reinforced or punished. Third, whether the observed individuals’ behavior is rewarded or punished. Due to the cognitive factors which are involved in learning, the mediation process is considered a bridge between traditional learning theory and cognitive approach. Individuals are continuously contemplating their behaviors and consequences, which this could not occur without cognitive processes. During the learning process, this mediates whether a new response acquired or not. Thus, an observed behavior is not immediately imitated, prior thought and consideration between observed behavior (stimuli) and imitation (response) is taken before the behavior is imitated (Mediational Processes). Four factors influence this mediational process. Attention, the extent of exposure to and if the behavior grab our attention, which is important for it to influence imitation. Retention, in order for the behavior to be …show more content…
Prior to emplacing an intervention, the root of the behavior should be established, this could be accomplished by exploring the situation (observation, environment, stimuli, and response) and then using the ABC Model in order for the client to explore their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Understanding there is multiple factors which affect the results of the client, combining this theory along with Piaget’s, to determine at what point the client is at in their development will produce rewarding results for the client.
This article mainly discussed RE-SBC model in the realm of school counseling, it could be applied to almost any situation and age of the client. Social Cognitive Theory seems to go hand-in-hand with Cognitive Behavior Therapy. However, there are a multitude of other theories, which could be combined to produce the most effective and efficient intervention possible. This shows that the more theories the counselor knows and understands, the more effective they will be, resulting in a lasting