Theories Of International Politics: Realism And Foreign Policy

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In light of the upcoming election, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, the presidential candidates from both major political parties, have promulgated their positions on foreign policy. They have different views on various issues, such as climate change, trade deals and cooperation with other countries. From realism to neo-Marxism, there are many contending theories on international relations, and the candidates’ policy can be interpreted through the different lenses.
There are several principal theories of international relations that prove useful in evaluating foreign policies. Realism, mainly contrasted with liberalism, focuses on the conflicts of world politics. The principal actors that shape the policy decisions around the world are nations that
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This school of thought is divided into two theories: classical realism and neorealism. Although the ultimate result that nations seek power for security and survival is the same in both theories, they suppose different underlying causes for the result. Classical realists, such as Morgenthau, assert that it is human nature to seek power and because nations consist of human beings, nations exhibit power seeking behaviors as well. On the other hand, neorealist explains that nations’ power seeking behaviors stem from the structure of the global environment that lacks higher authority with jurisdiction to settle disputes and promote justice effectively. Liberalism, however, focuses on cooperation in global politics while acknowledging that international conflicts are prevalent. Coupled with democratic norms, it suggests that nations can cooperate based on their shared commercial, ideational, and republican interests. Further, liberalism includes individuals, businesses, religious institutions and non-governmental bodies that demand certain preferences in nations as important actors in international relations. Neo-liberalism distances itself from liberalism by accepting the premises of

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