Inequalities And Gender Inequality

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Across the world the disparity between males and females is striking. According to data collected by Worldmeters, the population of Earth consist of 50.4% male and 49.6% female. Although the ratio between these two genders is almost identical, women are systematically mistreated and discriminated against thought the globe. While many of the disparities and inequalities occur in developing nations, there are developed western societies where women are still unable to attain the same level of education, secondary opportunities and even pay as their male counterparts. The gender inequality index provided by the United Nations Development Progamme and the gender parity index collected by the World Banks allows us to quantify the inequality between …show more content…
The countries deemed to have the highest rates of inequality are; Niger, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Sierra Leone, Eritrea, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Guinea, and Mozambique. All of these countries have one common denominator. They are developing African nations. On the contrary, the top five, Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Netherlands and United States are all developed nations with large stable economies. These inequalities have detrimental effects on the economies of countries with low global parity index numbers. Countries such as Central African Republic and Chad have gross domestic product per capita that are one-thousand and three-hundred three dollars respectively. Excluding women from economic activities limit economic growth. Empowerment of women has been linked economic gains that assist in mitigating problems such as poverty, famine and hunger in developing nations. In the Journal of Economic Literature, Esther Duflo states, “Gender inequality is often greater among the poor, both within and across countries.” Duflo then goes to quote Former World Bank President James Wolfensohn affirming,
“Education of girls has a catalytic effect on every dimension of development; lower child and maternal mortality rates;
…show more content…
They are, the functionalist theory, liberal, feminist, radical feminist, black feminist, and postmodern feminist theories. Each of these theories seeks to address the causes of gender inequality and mitigate it but they each go about it in a different way. Out of these theories the liberal feminist theory is most appealing. Although gender inequality has roots in the home through means such as strict patriarchies, this is then reinforced through the media, corporations and the government. When women have the right to abortion and healthcare threatened, the chasm between genders is widened. When women cannot get the same pay as their male counterparts, gender inequality rises. The only way to adequately combat these inequalities is through the implementation of uncompromising legislation that shows companies that have significant power to persuade, that a continuation of gender inequality as the status quo, will not be

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