Theories Of Deviant And Criminal Behaviour

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Introduction & Outline of the Criminal or Deviant Behaviour In today’s society, gang membership is on the rise due to the growing participation of citizens. Outlined in this paper, a discussion based on the explanations of deviant behaviour committed by individuals involved with gangs, the characteristics of these individuals, and the type crimes being committed by these individuals. Also, how strain theory results in deviant, or criminal behaviour. What is strain theory? Strain theory is “The proposition that people feel strain when they are exposed to cultural goals, they are unable to reach because they do not have access to culturally approved means of achieving these goals.” (Linden, R. 2015). Not only will there be a discussion on strain …show more content…
The main focus throughout this paper will be on Aboriginal youth, and the factors, which lead to potential gang membership. It is important to outline what a gang is. The term gang can be outlined as: “A group or association of three or more persons with a common identifying sign, symbol, or name who individually or collectively engage in criminal activity that creates an atmosphere of fear and intimidation.” (Hess, K.M, 2012). Deviant acts committed through the processes of initiation, and once an individual obtains membership; are set forth to members by higher ranking individuals. These acts include, Drug dealing, vandalism, arson, auto theft, shoplifting, shootings, stabbings, and other forms of violence. (Hess, K.M, 2012). These acts are committed usually for two reasons. One being an individual wants to find a sense of identity, or an individual is in too deep, and cannot get out of the trouble there in without committing deviant, criminal acts. A discussion on aboriginal youth gang membership, requires a discussion on, family …show more content…
They include, family dysfunction, means of obtaining goals, and opportunity structure. Family dysfunction is at the forefront of youth delinquency. Child is not exposed to a good environment, or the right parenting style, they may result to delinquent or criminal behaviour. Youth delinquency usually is a result of parent neglect. Where the parent has better things to do than raise their child, or an example in many homes being a single mother who works three jobs to provide for her children. The type of poor environments youth are exposed to have a detrimental effect on their future. If a parent doesn’t have enough presence in the home, with their child they lose their sense of identity. Thus, looking to find a group of individuals who have the same ideological beliefs systems, or culturally prescribed aspirations. If youth are subject to an environment that displays deviant or criminal behaviour to them at a young age, the individual is more likely to participate in gang activity, which is considered deviant in the eyes of society, and in most cases leads to criminal acts. “Damaged or weak family relationships contribute, to gang involvement. Invariably respondents indicate that the gang acts as, or promises to act as, a substitute family, filling the void left by family backgrounds marked by violence, substance abuse, and crime.” (Grekul, J, 2008). Individuals feel pressure or strain to break out of the

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